Hijama cupping is in fact wet cupping (i.e. where blood is removed) but done in accordance with the Islamic principles of Hijama. Cupping is done using glass or plastic cups in which a vacuum is created and is generally classified as either wet or dry, dry being the more common practice in the west. Wet cupping on the other hand is less common but more effective when it comes to using this modality for the treatment of many serious illnesses. It is most effective for pain and febrile illnesses but can also reduce cholesterol, regulate blood sugar levels, normalise insulin, strengthen the immune system, and even treat some cancers when done appropriately
There are many rules that should be followed when doing Hijama cupping and these are not limited merely to hygienic aspects of this medical procedure. They also include aspects such as the Hijama points on the body where the procedure should be done, the day and times when it is most suitable and for which patient and what condition the procedure is suited. More information can be found in the book on Hijama cupping.